New Way Stationary Engines

Aim - To serve and support the New Way Stationary Engine restoration community.
There was a New Way Stationary Motor inclined to Hit and Miss. It was designed that way but intermittently it would missfire and this in the confines of the beekeepers shed fired my imagination, grabbing my senses. I just loved the sound of the New Way 3.5Hp working - likely fuelled by a too rich mixture.
With each missfire came the tell tale puff of blue smoke and via the old sawbench, the beekeeping manufacturing business was underway, alive and well. Alf was in his element. Romance, nah, hard work but Hoots the New Way went a long way in firing the imagination of times past running in the present. The present, after all, that's where life is, it's not in the past, but romancing the past, that's the present if you're living it.
The priveledge of life. Present and past is now!!! - alive.

Ye Olde Sawbench & New Way Motor kept company by Howard Rotary Hoes

Saturday, August 29, 2020

WISCONSIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY LIBRARY

Today we wish to promote the services of the Wisconsin Historical Society Library and thank them for the advertising material on "New-Way" engines. 

The Wisconsin Historical Society Library carries quite an extensive collection of historical records and advertisements for companies and machines of the past. Like many libraries it provides a service to the public enabling research or procurement of documents or manuals to help people in pursuit of their interests. 

ADVERTISING of "New Way Engines"

Wisconsin Historical Society Library has quite a collection of advertisements featuring equipment of the New Way Motor company. Copies of these we have assembled into a booklet. 

KEY PRODUCTS FEATURED 

  • New Way Motor Company
    • 5 Engines in 1
    • CH Model Engine
    • Multi-Purpose Air Cooled Engine
  • Marmon Chicago Company Inc.
    • Marco Light and Power Plant
    • 1500 watt Generator
    • Powered by New Way Engine
    • Barlow Corporation - Distributors
    • Army proved
The advertisements are quite large and in good condition with extensive use of pictures / graphics. They give a lot of detail about both the engines and where applicable, the generating power plant. They strongly promote proven reliability and use the army supply as a strong basis for these claims.
While all advertisements feature New Way engines only some are specifically New Way Motor Company advertising material. Many seek to show the versatility of "5 Engines in 1" and it's application not only as a lighting plant but in many other applications on both farm and the construction workplace etc.
BOOKLET 
The 21 Page booklet has been formatted for A4 with many of the advertisements being very close to that size in their original format. Booklet indexing on page 2 uses the main title of each advert giving the main thrust of each advertisement.

LIBRARY
The New Way Registry Library now has over 120 documents specifically related to "New Way" equipment. The latest Wisconsin Collection booklet can be accessed HERE or simply go to the library and scroll down to the last one in the compilation group. 

All documents are for private non commercial use and free to download.

Enjoy
George


Sunday, May 24, 2020

CENTAUR TRACTOR - Powered by New Way Engine

CENTAUR TRACTORS
Centaur Tractors play a significant part in the New Way registry with quite a few registered. In addition there is some centaur documentation in the library. For some tractor examples just click on these links:-
  • Tractor 1 - older restoration
  • Tractor 2 - Unrestored - note pully on front of engine likely for saw bench or grain grinder
  • Tractor 3 - Unrestored - 1923 Model - Riding cultivator fitted

Whilst very rudimentary by today's standards these centaur machines represented quite a leap forward in capability to what was was achievable with a horse.

More photos of Centaur Tractors can be seen in the registry in the CHA grouping toward the end of the registry.

CENTRAL TRACTOR COMPANY
In c1923 the Central Tractor Company produced a catalog of their CENTAUR tractor designed for small farm or light duty use on large farms. At the time of the catalog the Centaur tractor had already been in production for 5 years.
Research indicates that New Way engines were fitted to the Centaur Model "A" through to Model "F" after which, in c1926, for the Model "G", a 2 cylinder water cooled 10 H.P. Le Roi engine was used.

While the Central Tractor Company of Greenwich Ohio, in their early years of production, produced small tractors that were powered by New Way Motor Company engines, they could also be purchased with almost a myriad of attachments. The attachments made these tractors extremely versatile and could therefore readily be promoted by the CENTRAL TRACTOR COMPANY as a reliable and efficient replacement for the horse team on the farm.

They truly represented the transition from animal power to machine on the smaller farm, yet by today's standards and design, certainly now present as dinosaurs of the Farm Tractor.

ENGINE
Powered by the New Way 2-5 H.P. throttle governed engine.

  • New Way Series "A" Model "C" Type "H" engine
    • Generally referred to as a "CH" engine
    • Draw Bar Horse Power - 2.5

ATTACHMENTS
The Centaur could be fitted out with many attachments. Many of these are illustrated in the Centaur Tractor Catalog thereby making the farmer aware of the possibilities of the CENTAUR in it's diverse applications for the farm.
The original 32 page catalog which can be downloaded has 8 pages missing but still very ably depicts many of these attachments. These include:

  • Riding Cultivator
    • Allows operator to be seated while working
    • Tractor also operates as a walk behind.
  • Mower
  • Wheel Lug Band Attachments
    • Applicable in various soil types
  • Sulky Plow
  • Spike Tooth Harrow
  • Disk Harrows
    •  eg. 8x14 inch disks
  • Grape Hoe (by John Deere)
  • Landscape Drag 
  • Landscape Leveler
  • Cultivating Tool Bars up to 48 inch.
  • Wagon / Truck 
    • 38x76 inch sided tray
  • Hitch Truck
    • For attaching proprietary equipment
Of course the Centaur could also be fitted out for wood sawing and potato digging, and the like. 

TRACTOR SPECIFICATIONS (some)
Cover Page example
  • Speed 1-3 MPH
  • Drive wheels diameter - 28 inch
  • Gearing - Forward and Reverse
  • Length - 70 inch
  • Width - 30.5 inch
  • Clutch - Multiple Disc
  • Differential Drive
While the CENTAUR TRACTOR catalog in the library has the center group of pages missing it is still an excellent reference for the enthusiast of the Central Tractor Company of Ohio and the New Way Motor Company of Lansing Michigan. The document really does declare the ingenuity of a company at the forefront in the crossover from horse power to tractor power especially on the smaller scale farm. Mouse Click centaur to access this CENTAUR document.

More Documents - refer LIBRARY

On our Selection - Down on the farm
"No Horsing around - It's the New Way."
Enjoy 
George

Monday, May 4, 2020

MARCO Light and Power Instruction - New Way Powered

ENTHUSIASTS
Those avid followers of plant from the Marco Light and Power Corporation that employed New Way motors to drive their 32 Volt DC generators will be very interested in our latest addition to the library - an excellent quality 16 page Detailed Instruction Manual.

Who was Marco Light and Power Corporation

  • A division of the Marmon Chicago Company Inc.
    • 2430 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois
  • Produced power plants suited to "on the farm" / household applications to provide DC electric power to homes, workshop and farm. 
    • Defined as a "CENTRAL POWER STATION" 
  • Utilized New Way engines to provide energy to drive the generators over a number of years.
THE NEW WAY ENGINES 
  • Early power plants utilized the New Way Series "F" Engine
    • 4 H.P. Hinged Crank Case engine to enable ready maintenance.
  • Later power plants utilized the New Way Series "A" Engine
    • 2-5 H.P. throttle governed engine
LIBRARY - MARCO DOCUMENTATION
The New Way Library now has 4 documents specifically related to Marco Light and Power Plants all powered by New Way engines. 

Recent additions include the 16 page detailed Instruction document designed to enable the buyer to take delivery and install the complete system:-
  • INSTALLING and OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS MARCO LIGHT and POWER which covers details including:-
    • Generator connection
      • Rated -1500 Watts @ 40 Volts
    • Battery Connection
      • Includes Battery Installation, testing and management
    • Control Panel Wiring, description and operating instructions
      • 16 Cells - 32Volt D.C. Electric System
    • Engine Instructions including at plant set up. 
    • Concrete Engine Bed design instructions and specifications
The Library documents specific to Marco and powered by New Way Engines are:
(Mouse Over Click on TITLES to access)
  • MARCO LIGHT AND POWER PLANT [ 2 page Brochure]
    • Utilizing the New Way "F" Series Engine
      • 4 H.P. Hinged Crankcase motor
  • MARCO LIGHT AND POWER - A CENTRAL POWER STATION [16 page Brochure]
    • Utilizing the New Way "CH" Engine
      • 2-5 H.P. Multipurpose Engine
      • Extols in great detail, the multiplicity of functions the engine can be used for on the farm, promoting quality, diversity and value for money.
    • Uses US army design requirements thereby promoting it for it's "Overwhelming Superiority". 
      •   Marco Supports these claims with key component specification details.
        • Page 14 - Engine Specifications
        • Page 14 - Generator Specifications
        • Page 15 - Storage Battery Specifications
        • Page 15 - Control Panel Specifications
  • MARCO LIGHT AND POWER - A CENTRAL POWER STATION [4 page Brochure]
    • Utilizing the New Way "CH" Engine
      • 2-5 H.P. Multipurpose Engine
  • MARCO - INSTALLING and OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS [16 page Instruction]
    • Includes - Parts and Pricing list

Over 120 New Way related documents are available. 

For access and free download just go to the LIBRARY. (click)

It's the season to Stay Covid-19 Safe. 

Settle back, have a read.

Be Wise - Think Smart - Think Long Term

 George

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Ziegler Machinery Company - New Way 5 H.P. Engine Powered Pumps

New Way Library has just had another document added related to New Way engines powering 3rd party mining and contractor equipment. The 4 page document gives details and pump specifications. The document relates to plant of the Ziegler Machinery Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Ziegler Machinery Company

  • Ziegler was involved in construction mining and industrial equipment.
  • The Company produced AULTMAN PUMPS 
AULTMAN PUMPS
  • Portable Heavy Duty Power Pump
  • Real Cross Head Type
  • Suited to Mine Service or Contractor
    • Specifications dependent on service use
  • Powered by New Way Engines
    • 2 - 5 H.P. Engine
  • Pumps of different sizes, capacity and pressure specified
    • eg. 1800 or 3000 gallon per hour
Cover Page - AULTMAN PUMPS
This is yet another company that saw the benefits of utilizing the NEW WAY AIR COOLED ENGINE to drive or power their plant. 

Obviously reliability, quality and portability would have been strong selling points in the marrying of the 5 H.P. New Way power plant with Ziegler Machinery Company's Aultman Pumps.

You can download the document from the library or just by clicking the Aultman Pumps link here.

Our "In Times Like These" Message

Be Covid-19 safe

Even Australia, with its early strong controls, testing rates and infection tracing has now had 80 deaths in 25 million people - People First. 

Be Wise - Think Smart - Think Long Term.

Enjoy
George




Tuesday, April 14, 2020

New Way Library Documents

D-25 Application List
3rd PARTY COMPANY PLANT 
- POWERED by NEW WAY
A cursory look at applications for New Way engines soon reveals that in its era the use of motor power was just really burgeoning. A period where, on the farm, most were transitioning from the horse to motor power.

Further, by design, the New Way presented the ideal power source by reason of air cooling and comparative light weight since no cumbersome, often spill-able, water reservoir was required for cooling.

New Way - STANDARD POWER
The New Way Motor Company's Engines were used as STANDARD power on a multitude of 3rd party propriety equipment as highlighted in the D-25 Catalog . This catalog  was recently added to the library and also featured the early Centaur Tractor.

D-25 included virtual myriads of uses for all sorts of industrial, commercial, marine and farm applications as shown in the extract at right.

PROPRIETARY DOCUMENTS
Recently more documents have been added to the Library of some 3rd party company's plant powered by New Way Motor Company engines. Many documents are compliments of the Historical Construction Equipment Association.

PLANT powered by "New Way":
[Mouse over titles - click to access documents]

Each of these 3rd party publications by statement and use, extol the virtues of various "New-Way" engines of the New Way Motor Company. Quality and reliability appear as reasoning behind the powering of their plant by "New-Way"

These are just some examples of 3rd party brochures featuring New Way engines. We know there must be many more that could be featured when they become available. A good example being the early Centaur Tractor that was powered by New Way 5 H.P. "CH" engines. Please note, there are quit a few of these tractors already listed in the registry. 

As noted earlier, these Centaurs' are also featured in the D-25 Catalog with a good pictorial representation. These machines really do represent dinosaurs in early small tractor development. Their spiked wheels readily reminding us of the Stegosaurus Dinosaur that many children are so familiar with today.

For any other 3rd party Company Brochures featuring "New Way" engines not listed here?
We would love to hear about it with a view to featuring it / them in the library. 
Just email geo.covey@gmail.com 

Re Covid 19 - Be in for the Long Haul - Think Smart - Think Long Term

ENJOY👍
George




Friday, April 10, 2020

New Way Vertical Twin 10 HP Engine "Bulletin No. 10"

LIBRARY UPDATE:-
Bulletin No.10 has just been added to the "New Way" Library compliments of the "Historic Construction Equipment Association". We thank the Construction association for their support in providing the document.

BULLETIN No.10  
Covers:-

  • New Way 10 H.P. Twin Air Cooled engine
  • A "Series A" engine defined as the "TWIN NO. 2"
    • Key promotional line :- "Built Strong As A Battleship" 
  • 8 page document in excellent condition
  • Manufactured by New Way Motor Company as specified by this document but subsequently also produced by the New Way Engine and Machine Company (refer other library documents)
Details:- 
Cover Page "Bulletin No.10"
  • Defines modern attributes of the New Way Air Cooled engine.
    • Light cast iron pistons in honed cylinders
    • Roller CAM and Crank Shaft roller bearings
    • Float feed Tillotson carburetor
    • Positive Air Governor
    • Timing gears steel and "Formica" bakelite
    • Eisemann HT flywheel magneto
    • Fuel either - Gasoline, kerosene, alcohol or Natural and Artificial gas.
  • Promotes ease of servicing
  • Multiple Outline Drawings of Engine Outfits
    • Power Take off
    • Multiple Disc (6) Clutch
  • Defines different types of outfits available for shipping
  • Brake H.P. Curve against revs and fuel usage
  • Promotional letters
Check it out 

Bulletin No. 10 (Click)

TWIN ENGINE OVERVIEW
The engine is the "GH" Model engine and represents the last and latest engine design ultimately produced either by the New Way Motor Company or by the New Way Engine and Machine Company. 
No actual "GH" Instruction manual exists in the library at this point but the Twin "EH" instruction is available and has many of the features of this larger engine. 

Enjoy and Stay Covid-19 Safe
George

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

A "NEW WAY" it's COVID - 19 Living

New Way Station observations:
Coronavirus / Covid-19 is rampant in many nations on the earth.

Containment:
Essentially two handling methods have been adopted at least initially in the early days of infection in various nations.

  1. Herd Immunity
    1. Where no real restrictions are placed on community movements and the virus is essentially allowed to take its course.
    2. Some countries apparently started with this approach eg Italy, UK and US 
      1. All now have rampant infection rates - Peoples lives being placed secondary to the economy
      2. US president just thinking of himself - by his own admission.
  2. Isolation and Social Distancing and strict community controls with priority on health not economy
    1. Minimal infections 
    2. Community health regarded as paramount
    3. Utilised eg. in Taiwan, Australia and New Zealand
      1. Very low death rates per million
An analysis of the 2 approaches clearly shows that No.2 with its strong EARLY focus on health, social distancing and isolation is a guarantee that the Covid-19 infection rates can be controlled and limited in a great measure. 

Acting too little too late is courting disaster and merely promoting the inevitable of rampant infections such as is occurring right now with disproportionate infection rates and deaths in the so called first world.

That said individuals can still self isolate and evade the virus contagion no matter what is happening in the outside community.


Your government may have done too little too late and now find they can't track infections and therefore are at a point where the virus rages with little control or measures to prevent frequent and avoidable death in the community.

Remember - You can, if not infected self isolate, practice social distancing, remembering there are many with no symptoms who carry the virus. Use extreme care knowing full well that the virus is transmitted in the air by close proximity.

Be in for the long haul - think smart - Think long term.

Take care
George




Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Historical Construction Equipment Association - New Way Documents

APPRECIATION

We thank the Historical Construction Equipment Association [HCEA] of Ohio, once again for the supply of copies of documents related specifically to the "New Way Motor Company"

  • "Catalog D-25" (click) was added to the New Way Library  (click) today (over 100 specific New Way documents already available)
  • More HCEA supplied "New Way" featured copies to follow 
ABOUT HCEA 

GOALS:- Working to preserve the history of the construction equipment that shaped our world . . .

The Historical Construction Equipment Association (HCEA) is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to preserving for public education the history of the construction, dredging and surface mining equipment industries. ( HCEA Home Page Quote)


MUSEUM:-
HCEA Museum is home to a an extremely diverse range of construction equipment from the very small to the mammoth. 

Types of equipment include:
  • Shovels Cranes and Excavators
  • Crawler and Wheel Tractors
  • Road Graders, Drags, Shapers
  • Rollers and Compactors
  • Scrapers
  • Elevating Graders and Loaders
  • Scarifiers and Plows
  • Compressors Drills and Generators
  • Underground Equipment
  • Concrete aggregate and Paving Equipment
  • Haulers and Trucks
  • Wagons and Trailers
  • Pumps
  • Miscellaneous 

Many of these are in restored working condition with photos or videos available.

LIBRARY ARCHIVE:-
The HCEA library archive contains countless original documents and photos etc. stored in its climate controlled facility providing a service to collectors of construction, surface mining and dredging equipment, manufacturers and historians etc..

MEMBERSHIP:-
HCEA is open to membership from both individual and corporate identities.

FURTHER HCEA INFORMATION:-
We encourage you to visit the HCEA home page and readily navigate specific dedicated pages associated with various plant and documents. You will find plenty of interesting material, promotions and services that are available to both member and the public. Archivist Tom Berry providing a service based on his years of study in the construction industry. 
I encourage you to do a HCEA site search for the equipment where your particular passion lies. There is a mine of information waiting to be discovered.  

NEW WAY POWERED:-
Added Today from HCEA -
The D-25 Catalog (click) has, aside from all its specific engine data, four pages of excellent illustrations (over 30) showing individual 3rd party plant manufacturers that powered their equipment with New Way Engines. It is a great example showing diversified application of these engines with everything from road to electrical and farm plant etc illustrated. 
New Way Motor Company utilized "D" catalogs virtually from it's inception in 1905 as it's key product catalog defining current engine and equipment range. The numeric value of the catalog generally indicated the year of release. Many of these are available in the New Way Library, eg D11, D14, D16, D20 etc..  
D-25 Cover Page

D-25 is just one document, from one company, representing diversification and 3rd party functionality that could be so easily be lost to history, without the dedication and determination of the likes of HCEA and it's faithful donors. 


Again thanks to HCEA for their exemplary service. HCEA home page

Enjoy
George 

Thursday, November 28, 2019

NEW WAY - NEW FACTORY PRODUCTION CELEBRATED?

NEW WAY AIR COOLED ENGINES
The New Way Motor Company started production in a 100 ft shed in Michigan. Early production was blighted by fire but this among other things of course ensured the company moved with an eye to expansion.

WORKERS and PRODUCTION
It is obvious from the following photo and the New Way Motor Company Mutual Benefit Association that there was great respect for New Way workers both on the production line and also to ensure their care outside the factory workshop. The Benefit Association booklet makes a great read for a company early in the 20th century already mindful of it's social obligations. Click the link and have a read.

PHOTO ANALYSIS
Engine: Inspection of the photo reveals a Vertical Model "A" Type "C" engine holding center stage with apparent workers and staff of the New Way Motor Company.
Workers: The left side of the photos shows a group of well dressed men in ties, likely office staff or factory management with the remainder giving the appearance of  engineering factory workers.
Location: It is obvious from inspection of the building that it has not been taken at the original factory facility but rather because of building construction, is at their New Factory Facility in the very early days, since the landscaping is very rudimentary and nothing like illustrations when the factory was serviced by rail and well landscaped like a prosperous factory facility.
Characteristics of the building in the photo greatly resemble the building construction of the factory c1910. indicating it was just after initial construction. See the illustration below.
It is reasonable therefore to assert that the photo was taken likely to celebrate the commencement of production at the new factory using their flagship "3 1/2 HP Air Cooled" motor.


























ENJOY
George

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

LAY Farm Light - New Way Engine Driven

NEW WAY POWERED - Proprietary Equipment
New Way produced engines that in their day were ideally suited for driving various types of plant.
One such company recently brought to our  notice is L.A. Young Industries of Detroit Michigan. The company generally specialized in springs and wire but were also involved in other mechanical machinery and development of golfing equipment.

RESEARCH - Investigation reveals that L.A. Young had multiple U.S. patents issued for many of the fields represented above but to this point we have found nothing related to electricity generation or lighting that would indicate that the "FARM LIGHT" plant might be of their development or have particular developments in accordance with their patents. Consequently the generator / alternator /regulator is probably a rebadged outfit from another recognized manufacturer. Likely L. A. Young was taking advantage of a burgeoning market for domestic farm power and teamed the New Way Engine with a reliable electric company's plant.

ENGINE - NEW WAY Series "F" - 4 H.P. (c Mid 1900 teens) - Carburetor, throttle governed engines

ELECTRICS - No electrics were found with the engine but given the era of production it is likely it was used to charge a farm battery bank and expected to be regulated 32 Volt D.C. The ID tag gives no indication of these pertinent facts. The engine is fitted with a wide pully to take a wide flat belt indicating the generator was belt driven as against a chain drive.

PHOTOS - Engine and ID Tag. The tag only mentions L.A. Young being completely devoid of mention of "New Way" but a check of patent dates on the tag clearly declares that the engine is indeed a re-badged New Way engine.





















INFO- Has anyone seen one of these and/or has further information they can supply us with it would be much appreciated. Just contact me on my email geo.covey@gmail.com 

George

Monday, July 29, 2019

New Way M Series Engines

MODEL OVERVIEW
The M Series New Way Engines have always presented a quandary when trying to identify a particular model within the range.

New Way Engines are generally readily identified by looking at the size of the cylinder. Further, often the cylinder part number also tells you the not only the model but also the type of the engine. The raised casting number is generally found on the cylinder close to the crankcase join.

By referencing the cylinder in parts tables for a particular series engine it is then very easy to determine the H.P. of your New Way Engine. This means even if the ID plate is missing or it wasn't fitted to your model engine as is the case from factory for some models, you can still tell exactly what model engine you have.
Problem? - New Way Motor Company like many companies used interchangeable parts not only within engine series but also across engine series. For the later series engines, using the same cylinder part, the cylinder part number will give you the H.P. but it will obviously not give you the Model.

No ID Plates or missing shroud? -  New Way Motor Company did not fit ID plates to some series engines including to the J Series and M Series. In some cases the shroud was designated with H.P., model and type but often over the years shrouds were removed. Obviously, identification problems are compounded when the shroud is missing or text is no longer legible.

For engines that have no ID plate, New Way Motor Company also resorted to stamping the serial number, often on a machined section at the join on the Cylinder and Crankcase on a general alignment with the oiler. In cases where the number is prefixed by a letter the letter indicates the Model and therefore the H.P.. eg U884
NOTE: The engine serial number is stamped. It is not the raised casting number you will probably see on the cylinder. Raised numbers are the generic part number. eg FC39 for a certain size cylinder.

"M" SERIES ENGINES - SAME SERIES DIFFERENT TYPE
Series M engines spanned key progressions in engineering and technology so that they were classified both as Type C and with progression to throttle governing, as Type F.
  • EARLY Series M engines were fitted out and defined as Type "C" engines using the same cylinder parts as the "J" Series engines.
    • Gasoline engines were all literally Type "C" as they had no Throttle governing but remained a Hit- Miss engine
    • Kerosene engines were initially called Type "C" but were later called the standard designation of Type "F" as they were literally throttle governed engines.
  • LATER Kerosene Series M Engines were fitted out as and defined as Type "F" engines
    • Engineering also progressed from a bolt on inlet port to an inlet port casting that was integral part of the cylinder casting. 
      • ie. "J" series cylinders were not used 
PARTS INTERCHANGEABILITY APPLICATION

Applicable to "J" SERIES engines and the early "M" Series Type C Engines.
  1. "J" Series and "M" Series engines had the same H.P. range
  2. "J" Series Horizontal Engines were in production first so Cylinder Casting numbers of early M Series engines literally apply to the "J" Series.
  3. "M" Series Engines - Consequently, Cylinder Part number only indicates H.P not the Model
    1. Raised Casting Number on Cylinder
      1. 2 letters prefix 39 in all cases eg. FC39 for a 3 H.P. engine
      2. Use this to determine H.P. of Type "C" engines and earlier kerosene Type "F".
RESEARCHING and DETERMINING A SERIES "M" MODEL

Source of information used in research to determine "M" series models includes:

  • Engine Instruction Manuals
  • New Way Sales Catalogs
  • Original designated shrouds from registered engines.
  • Following established New Way protocols for engine identification. 

EARLY M SERIES ENGINES -
DETERMINING MODEL of a Type C Engine

  • With "M" Series engines fitted with "J" Series cylinders, the cylinder casting number defines the H.P. of the engine as shown in the manual parts tables.
  • Additionally some stamped serial numbers are prefixed with the Model alpha code eg "U2431 for a 3.5 H.P. engine.
  • Shrouds are specific to M Series engines so their part number code reflects the actual Model and Type. [Refer Table]
  • Both Kerosene and Gasoline engines were initially designated Type "C". 



LATER M SERIES ENGINES
DETERMINING "M" SERIES MODEL of a Type F Engine
  •  Serial Number may be prefixed by the letter dictating the model eg P1245
  • Later Kerosene engines used standard throttle governed typing of Type "F"
  • Cylinder / inlet Casting Number may not be a standard xx39 but use a generic New Way code of LFC .
    • "LFC" was used by New Way Motor Company on other early engines. (possibly a prototype designation until the casting was accepted by engineering)    
  • Cooling Hood (shroud) that surrounds the cylinder is individual to each model of "M" Series engine. The Cooling Hood part numbers, being model specific, therefore reflect the model but not necessarily the type if it is a late kerosene engine.   
IDENTIFICATION TABLE
NOTE:- The Cooling Hood part number [3rd column] being model specific, reflects the model and type of the engine except for later throttle governed, kerosene Type "F engines.

CYL. CASTING NUMBER
HORSE POWER
COOLING HOOD
Part No.
SERIES
MODEL
TYPE
Note 1
VARIANT
Note 2
NC39
1.5 H.P.
SC80
M
S
C

DC39
2.0 H.P.
KC80
M
K
C
K - Kerosene
OC39
2.5 H.P.
PC80
M
P
C
K - Kerosene
FC39
3.0 H.P.
MC80
M
M
C
K - Kerosene
TC39
3.5 H.P.
UC80
M
U
C
K - Kerosene
GC39
4.0 H.P.
RC80
M
R
C
K - Kerosene
??
4.5 H.P.

M
R
C
K - Kerosene
VC39
6.0 H.P.
WC80
M
W
C
K - Kerosene


TABLE NOTE 1:- Engines that are Type "F" will be designated as an "F" in the type column. Applies to some "later" Throttle Governed Kero engines only.
TABLE NOTE 2:- Kerosene engines are recorded for all sizes except the 2 H.P. engine. The Serial Number often carries a suffix of "K" to indicate that fact.
  •  eg for a 6 H.P. it may show W4012K

Sales brochures supported this with an additional Typing of "K" for kerosene engines. 
  • Example - A 6 H.P. kero engine fully described would be either:
    • Series M Model W Type CK  
    • Series M Model W Type FK

Bolt-on Intake Port Casting
Intake Port cast as part of Cylinder Casting
 M Series Intakes

Early versions were the same as the "J" Series engines as shown in the left photo. [Bolt On]

Later version engines had the intake port cast as part of the cylinder casting as shown in the right photo[Early "Standard" engine design principle but using parallel top fins in lieu of radial top fins]



IN A NUT SHELL:
The M Series Model and Type for a particular HP engine can generally be determined by looking at your engine's cylinder casting number eg FC39. By looking at the Instruction Manual parts list, this will tell you it's HP and also what the Shroud Part Number is in this case is MC80.

  • So with FC39 we know it is 3 H.P.
  • With MC80 we know it is Model "M" Type "C"
    • the only exception is if it is a late model Kero engine in which case it is a Type "F"  - so Model "M" Type "F
It is only the Type that changes with advances in technology and then only for the Kerosene Throttle Governed Engine as standard type "F" is adopted. 

OUR APPEAL:
All of the "M" Series Instruction Manuals we own, seen or inquired about only have the Bolt-on intake setup illustrations and so only list "J" Series cylinder parts (as shown in column 1 of the table.)

I would be very keen to hear from anyone who might have an Instruction Manual that shows the fully cast combined Cylinder/Intake casting and lists the part numbers for this new part. 

By example, younger Instruction Manuals for very early Standard Engines listed parts and showed changes generally by specifying year of production. The first manuals for these engines are obviously devoid of this detail.

It may well be that New Way never produced an instruction manual for their later engine given that it operated exactly the same as the one using the "J" Series cylinders.  

Can you help by checking your Series M manual? If you find what we are chasing please send us an email.

Cheers
George













Thursday, July 25, 2019

ENGINE DEVELOPMENT - NEW WAY MOTOR COMPANY

HISTORY:
New Way Motor Company engine development, really sits on the inventive genius of C.H.Way and this is displayed as early as 1903 in his Engine patent US 776,708. While this engine appears not to have reached commercial production it does represent the genius of the man who was to go on to ensure the pioneering of Air Cooled engines for use on the farm and industry was highly successful.



ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT 

 The New Way Motor Company commenced production in a 100 ft long shed. Humble beginings!

Their first engines were called their "Standard" engine or the "S" Series. Over time this "S" series came to encompass vertical, horizontal and twin cylinder engines.

The Company used a THREE TIER STRUCTURE in the engineering classification of their engines. 

The overarching classification being "Series" followed by "Model" and finally "Type"




  •  SERIES
    • Series – A grouping of engines forming the base level and may incorporate many “Models” and more than one “Type” of engine.  Different formats such as Vertical, Horizontal or Twin Cylinder may all be included within the one series.  
  • MODEL
    • Model – A Sub level of  series and related to the Horse Power of the engine.
      • Research indicates that in earlier years of production New Way used sequential “ALPHA” Model coding to indicate when it’s development started. [Refer TABLE – Model Column]
        • Applies to all different series engines until Hit Miss engines ceased to be included within the new model ranges.
        • Model “A” through to Model “Z”. Each used only once across all series of engines. [Refer Table]
      • With the LATER SERIES ENGINES [throttle governed engines], this all changed, with the same model identifier used in all series engines. (eg Series F Model “D” and Series A Model “D” etc.) 
  •  TYPE
    • Type – As used by New Way related to the Technology and Engineering development employed in an engine.
      • Technological and engineering advancement meant a model over time was built as different versions, defined by type.  Eg Type “C” to Type “F”
        • Model [H.P.] did not change but the type did.
    • TYPE A and B – Likely pre-commercial production engines such as patented by C.H. Way where valves were on opposite sides of cylinder. ( U.S. Patent 776708 applies) Refer Patent Drawing
    • TYPE C - Intake and Exhaust are in line on all Type “C” engines.
    • TYPE D – Unclear defining development – (linked to Exhaust Rocker?)
    • TYPE E – Unclear defining development – (linked to Exhaust Rocker?)
    • TYPE F – Flywheel Governor - Throttle governed engines
    • TYPE H – Gear Driven Governor - Throttle governed engines 
The following table presents the New Way Motor Company engine classification TIER STRUCTURE in pictorial form.
The second column beige section shows there was only one model descriptor used for all series engines up until the new series engines that no longer included any Hit-Miss option. 
The blue and green shaded cells show how, from that time on, the model descriptor is reused across an engine series.

Series
Model
H.P.
Type
Feature
Tech. Advance
Sales ** Sub/Type
S
A
3.5
C
H.M.Fly


S
B
7.0
C
H.M.Fly


S
B1
7.0
E
H.M.Fly+


S
C
2.5
C
H.M.Fly


S
D
6.0
D
H.M.Fly+


S
E
4.5
C
H.M.Fly


J
F
3.0
C
H.M.Fly


J
G
4.0
C
H.M.Fly


S
H
6.0
C
H.M.Fly


S
J
8.0
C
H.M.Fly


S
J
8.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

M
K
2.0
C
H.M.Fly


M
K
2.0
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
K
2.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
S
L
12.0
C
H.M.Fly


S
L
12.0
D
H.M.Fly+


S
L
12.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

M
M
3.0
C
H.M.Fly


M
M
3.0
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
M
3.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
J
N
1.5
C
H.M.Fly


J
O
2.5
C
H.M.Fly


M
P
2.5
C
H.M.Fly


M
P
2.5
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
P
2.5
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
R
4.0
C
H.M.Fly


M
R
4.0
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
R
4.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
S
1.5
C
H.M.Fly


M
S
1.5
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
S
1.5
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
J
T
3.5
C
H.M.Fly


M
U
3.5
C
H.M.Fly


M
U
3.5
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
U
3.5
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
J
V
6.0
C
H.M.Fly


M
W
6.0
C
H.M.Fly


M
W
6.0
C
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
M
W
6.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle
K
J
Z
1.0
C
H.M.Fly


F
A
6.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

F
C
4.5
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

F
D
4.0
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

F
E
7.5
F
T.G.Fly
Throttle

A
B
3.0
H
T.G.G
Geared Gov.

A
C
5.0
H
T.G.G
Geared Gov.

A
D
8.0
H
T.G.G
Geared Gov.

A
E
8.0
H
T.G.G
Geared Gov.

A
G
10.0
H
T.G.G
Geared Gov.

Feature Column Abbreviations:
H.M.Fly - Hit Miss Engine - Flywheel Governor
T.G.Fly - Throttle Governed Engine - Flywheel Governor
T.G.G - Throttle Governed Engine - Gear driven Governor

TABLE NOTES:

*  New Way J Series 5.5 H.P engines were advertised but do not appear in instruction manuals to define it's model . Consequently, given the era it is probable they were a Model “X or Y” as they are the only legitimate gaps in the model table. (Given I and Q are often not used because of recognition confusion with L and O)

** New Way Sales Brochures give an additional Type for kerosene engines (K) which for the sake of clarity is regarded as a sub type as against standard engineering type classifications. 

Series “M” engines – Early throttle governed Series "M" engines were still designated as Type”C” but later adopted the Type “F” standard designation for throttle governed engines. Instruction manual documentation in essence reflects this with only the early version cylinders with bolt on intakes being shown and not the combined cylinder / intake casting as used on later “M” series engines.

The table shows the 3 "TYPE" possibilities for each Model/HP. These are gasoline Hit Miss, Kero Type "C" and Kero Type "F".

Fathoming the depths.
George